Mainzer Geographische Studien, Heft 25:

Müller, Bernhard: Fremdenverkehr und Entwicklungspolitik zwischen Wachstum und Ausgleich: Folgen für die Stadt- und Regionalentwicklung in peripheren Räumen (Beispiel von der mexikanischen Pazifikküste)




Consequences for the urban and regional development in peripheral areas (Examples from the Pacific Coast of Mexico)

The subject of issue of this dissertation, concerning tourism and the policy of development as well as its consequences for the urban and regional development beween growth and compensation, is examined using the examples of the area of Puerto Vallarta - Manzanillo.

In this connection, the "dependencia"-theoretical orientated hypotheses of SUNKEL (1972) and FRIEDMANN (1972) on the process of disintegration based on external influences and the process of polarization between centres and their peripheries provide us with a research frame, which has acquired a new significancy in the present discussion of decentralization.

As an analytical tool and basing on the touristic offers, a catalogue over the tourist centres is worked out, by which it should be possible to differentiate the regional operative structure of development and the extent of regional participation.

The employment effects and the impulses of growth of tourism as well as the compatability of national and regional aims of development are scrutinized separately. In addition, other spheres of problems which could come up by the promotion of cities of average size, are studied. With these aspects in mind, it is evident that the consequences of the enormous growth of towns produce a similar result also in these middle-sized towns as in the centres of agglomeration, and that flexible instruments for direction and coordination are required for the town and regional development.

Towards the end of this inquiry the question is dealt with, whether an integrated town and regional planning can give a satisfactory answer to the problems at hand. In this respect, the context of discussion of the general problemacy of decentralization makes it possible to demonstrate the difficulties which may arise in the region of inquiry by implementation of the concepts of regional planning through qualified Planning Commissions (Comisiones de Conurbación) and the potential contribution of these institutions to the solving of development problems.